In oil fields all across Texas, mud tanks are an essential feature of any drilling operation. Originally, the drilling fluid used at the rig site was held in holes or pits dug in the ground, and it is not uncommon to hear these containers referred to as mud pits, particularly by those who have been in the industry for a long period of time. They are also essential in solids control systems on the site.
Mud tanks can be one of two shapes. The most common are long square to rectangular shapes, but there can also be tanks that have a wider bottom and a narrow diameter top. These are often known as cone tanks.
While the tanks themselves can be sectioned for different solids control options, it is also common to join mud tanks together. There are different options in mud tank unions that are quick to install, provide a leakproof join, and that offer a durable solution to stand up to the demands of the application.
Size of Pipe and Union
The size of mud tank unions varies based on the size of the connection to the tank, as well as the nominal pipe size. There is a wide range of different options from smaller three-inch pipe sizes to up to sixteen inches.
It is also essential to consider the OD (outside diameter) as well as the seal inside diameter. Choosing the right size of pipe and union to meet the volume requirements for transferring the liquid between the tanks is critical for effective operation.
There are different brands of mud tank unions used throughout Texas. There are also some exceptional private label brands in O-ring styles of unions that are easy to install, offer top performance and leak resistance and provide a very reasonably priced option for any drilling rig and mud tank requirement.